[Grammar] -는 것 -ing

-는 것 is attached to a verb to change a verb into a noun clause like ‘-ing’ or ‘to -‘.

This noun clause can be a subject or an object. For example,

요리하는 것이(=게=거) 어려워요.  Cooking is difficult.
고양이를 키우는 것이 힘들지 않아요.  Having a cat is not that hard.
아이들하고 노는 것이 재미있어요.  It is fun to play with kids. (놀다 + 는 것 : ㄹ drop)
음식을 만드는 것이 재미없어요. It is not fun to make food. (만들다 +는 것 : ㄹ drop)
아침에 꽃에 물을 주는 것이 좋아요. It is good to water flowers in the morning.
약을 먹는 것이 싫어요. I don’t like taking the medicine.
-는 것 is used as a subject in those sentences above.

기타 치는 것을(=걸=거) 좋아해요. I like playing guitar.
공원에 가는 것을 안 좋아해요. I do not like going to the park.
아이들이 수영하는 것을 보고 있어요. I am watching kids swimming.
동생이 숙제하는 것을 도와 줄 거예요.  I will help my sister to do homework.
친구가 웃는 것을 보고 싶어요. I want to see my friend smiling.
-는 것 is used as an object in those sentences above.

 

것이 can be shortened as , and 것을 can be shortened as . Furthermore, 이 and 을 are often dropped in real conversations, so you will hear just 거.

 

 

 

You can listen to the audio file by clicking here. 

You can study more about the difference between 는 거, -기, -(으)ㅁ by clicking here. 

 

 

3 thoughts on “[Grammar] -는 것 -ing

  1. Hi~ Anyway, I’ve been kind of back and forth on understanding this ~는 것 as a subject and as the object. I came across this page and still back and forth about it. Can I ask the difference between these two? 🙂
    1) 약을 먹는 것이 싫어요. I don’t like taking the medicine. (I get why it’s in the 것이 form due to the Subject-Adjective-Object form)
    2) 기타 치는 것을(=걸=거) 좋아해요. I like playing guitar.
    공원에 가는 것을 안 좋아해요. I do not like going to the park. (I also get why it’s in 것을 form)

    But when I try to absorb these two, I kind of get lost why they are different.

    Thanks!

    1. 1) 약을 먹는 것(subject)이 싫어요(adjective). In this sentence there is a subject particle 이, because 싫다 is an adjective. Adjectives don’t have objects. If you use 싫어해요 then it will be 약을 먹는 것을 싫어해요.

      2) (저는) 기타를 치는 것(object)을 좋아해요(verb). 좋아해요 is a verb, so there is an object particle 을.

      좋다/싫다 are adjectives, but they alao have meanings of like/dislike.

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