-거든

verb/adj + 거든

  1. -거든 has a few different meanings. First, it is used at the end of the sentence to answer the reason for someone’s question. For example,
  2. A: 왜 아직 집에 안 갔어요? Why have you not gone back home yet? B: 내일 시험이 있거든요. Because I have a test tomorrow.
  3. A : 집이 왜 이렇게 어두워? Why is the home this dark? B : 전기가 나갔거든. The electricity went out.

The second meaning is ‘if’, it is a little bit old style for “-(으)면”. . For example,
A: 제가 집에 없거든(=없으면) 전화해 주세요. If I am not at home, please call me.
A: 돈이 떨어지거든(=떨어지면) 꼭 다시 집으로 와야 돼. If you spent all of the money, you must come back home.

The third, it is to indicate that something is set for a story to be told in the future. For example,
내가 지금 돈이 하나도 없거든. 나 좀 빌려 줄래? I don’t have any money, could you please lend me some money?
나 지금 기분이 무척 안 좋거든. 그러니까 말 시키지 마! I am not in good mood, so don’t talk to me!
내가 일을 안 한 지 정말 오래됐거든. 그래서 일을 다시 시작할 수 있을지 모르겠어. I haven’t worked for a long time, so I don’t know if I can work again.
(매일 도박을 하는 아들이 어머니에게) A: 엄마, 내가 엄마 돈 크게 만들어줄까? B: 됐거든! (A son who gambles every day and he talked to his mom) A: Mom, do you want me to have you make more money? B: No, thanks! (so, don’t even mention it anymore)
A: 네 마음 상하게 했다면 미안해. B: 됐거든. 이제는 너무 늦었어. I am sorry if I hurt your feelings. B: Don’t bother, it is too late.

#거든 #거든요 #됐거든 #거든 grammar #거든 meaning #으면vs거든

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