Country names in Korean – America

America – 아메리카

 North America  – 북아메리카

South America –  남아메리카

 

 Guyana 가이아나
 Guatemala 과테말라
 Grenada 그레나다
 Nicaragua 니카라과
 Dominican Republic 도미니카 공화국
 Cammon Wealth of Dominica 도미니카 연방
 Mexico 멕시코
 United States of America 미국
 Barbados 바베이도스
 Bahamas 바하마
 Venezuela 베네수엘라
 Belize 벨리즈
 Bolivia 볼리비아
 Brazil 브라질
 Saint Lucia 세인트루시아
 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 세인트빈센트 그레나딘
 St. Christopher and Nevis 세인트크리스토퍼 네비스
 Surinam 수리남
 Argentina 아르헨티나
 Haiti 아이티
 Antigua and Barbuda 앤티가 바부다
 Ecuador 에콰도르
 El Salvador 엘살바도르
 Honduras 온두라스
 Uruguay 우루과이
 Jameica 자메이카
 Chile 칠레
 Canada 캐나다
 Costa Rica 코스타리카
 Colombia 콜롬비아
 Cuba 쿠바
 Trinidad and Tobago 트리니다드토바고
 Panama 파나마
 Paraguay 파라과이
 Peru 페루

 

You can listen to audio files by clicking here.

Country names in Korean – Europe

Europe  유럽

 

 Greece 그리스
 Netherlands 네덜란드
 Norway 노르웨이
 Denmark 덴마크
 Germany 독일
 Latvia 라트비아
 Russia 러시아
 Rumania 루마니아
 Luxembourg 룩셈부르크
 Lituania 리투아니아
 Liechtenstein 리히텐슈타인
 Macedonia 마케도니아
 Monaco 모나코
 Moldova 몰도바
 Malta 몰타
 Vatican 바티칸
 Belgium 벨기에
 Belorus 벨로루시
 Bosnia Herzegovina 보스니아 헤르체고비나
 Bulgaria 불가리아
 San Marino 산마리노
 Sweden 스웨덴
 Switzerland 스위스
 Spain 스페인
 Slovakia 슬로바키아
 Slovenia 슬로베니아
 Iceland 아이슬란드
 Ireland 아일랜드
 Aandorra 안도라
 Albania 알바니아
 Estonia 에스토니아
 United Kingdom 영국
 Austria 오스트리아
 Ukraina 우크라이나
 Yugoslavia 유고슬라비아
 Italy 이탈리아
 Czech 체코
Croaita 크로아티아
 Partugal 포르투갈
 Poland 폴란드
 France  프랑스
 Finland 핀란드
 Hungary 헝가리

 

You can listen to audio files by clicking here.

Country names in Korean – Oceania

Oceania  오세아니아

 Nauru 나우루
 New zealand 뉴질랜드
 Marshall 마셜
 Micronesia 미크로네시아
 Vanuatu 바누아투
 Western Samoa 서사모아
 Solomon Islands 솔로몬
 Austrailia 오스트레일리아
 Kiribati 키리바시
 Tonga 통가
 Tuvalu 투발루
 Papua New Guinea 파푸아뉴기니
 Palau 팔라우
 Fiji 피지

 

You can listen to audio files by clicking here.

Country names in Korean – Asia

Asia 아시아

 Gruziya 그루지야
 Nepal 네팔
 Taiwan 대만
 South Korea 대한민국
 Laos 라오스
 Lebanon 레바논
 Malaysia 말레이시아
 Maldives 몰디브
 Mongolia 몽골
 Myanmar 미얀마
 Bahrain 바레인
 Bangladesh 방글라데시
 Vietnam 베트남
 Bhutan 부탄
 North Korea 북한
 Brunei 브루나이
 Saudi Arabia 사우디 아라비아
 Sri Lanka 스리랑카
 Syria 시리아
 Singapore 싱가포르
 United Arab Emirates 아랍에미리트
 Armenia 아르메니아
 Azerbaizhan 아제르바이잔
 Afghanistan 아프가니스탄
 Yemen 예멘
 Oman 오만
 Jordan 요르단
 Uzbekistan 우즈베키스탄
 Iraq 이라크
 Iran 이란
 Israel 이스라엘
 India 인도
 Indonesia 인도네시아
 Japan 일본
 China 중국
 Kazakhstan 카자흐스탄
 Qatar 카타르
 Cambodia 캄보디아
 Kuwait 쿠웨이트
 Kyrgyzstan 키르기스스탄
 Kypros 키프로스
 Thailand 타이
 Tadzhikistan 타지키스탄
 Turkey 터키
 Turkmenistan 투르크메니스탄
 Pakistan 파키스탄
 Philippines 필리핀

 

You can listen to audio files by clicking here.

새해 복 많이 받으세요!

새해 복 많이 받으세요! means “Happy new year!” in Korean. 새해 means new year, 복  means luck, 많이 means a lot and 받으세요 means please receive. So it literally means ‘Hope you will receive a lot of luck in new year.”

This year, Lunar new year’s day is Feb 8th on Monday. It is the biggest holiday in Korea. A lot of people go to their parents house or oldest brother’s house to make special food for a morning ceremony for their ancestors.

After the morning ceremony, they have breakfast with the food that they make a night before new years day. And then kids bow to their grand parents, uncles and aunts and parents.

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Here is my favorite part of new year’s day! After kids bow to the old generation, adults give them some money!!!!!! When I was a kid, my mom always took that money and said she would keep it for us, but I didn’t get that back 😦

The special food for new year’s day is rice cake soup. I posted about this last year, you can click here to read stories.

You can listen to the audio file by clicking here.

 

[Culture] 부대찌개 – Army stew, troops stew

부대찌개 - Army stew
부대찌개 – Army stew

부대 means ‘army’ or ‘troops’ and 찌개 is ‘stew’.  Koreans love 부대찌개 especially when they drink Soju.  It is normally served in a big pot, so 3 or 4 people can share. Do you know why it is called ‘army stew’?

During the Korean war, there was not enough food to eat, so a lot of people died by hunger. So Koreans collected some food such as spam, can beans or sausage that is left-over from the U.S troops and put them all together in a big pot. 부대찌개 has sad history, however this is one of Koreans’ favorite food!

In 부대찌개, there are Kimchi(김치 Seoul Kimchi), spam(스팸), sausage(소시지), noodles(라면), can beans(콩), bean sprouts(콩나물), tofu(두부) and onions(양파).  You can put them in a pot and pour broth or water with Red pepper powder(고추가루), yellow bean sauce(된장), soy sauce(간장) and garlic(마늘).

You can add a slice of cheese(치즈) at the end, it is more delicious!!! I am going to make it tonight, do you want to join with me?

새해 복 많이 받으세요! Happy New Year!

떡국 rice cake soup

“Happy New Year” in Korean is 새해 복 많이 받으세요.

새해(sae hae:new year) 복(bok: luck) 많이(mah nee: a lot) 받으세요(bah deu se yo: please receive)

Literally it means “Hope you have good luck in new year!”

New year’s day is called 설날(Seollal) in Korean. It is my favorite holiday!

In the past, we only celebrated The Lunar New Year’s day which changes every year.  In 2015, Feb 19th is The Lunar New Year’s day.  Recently, a lot of people celebrate both(Jan 1st and Lunar new year’s day) but the Lunar New year’s day is more significant for Koreans.

We take a day off for Jan 1st, on the other hand we take 3days off for the Lunar New Year’s day.

In the morning of  the New Year’s day, we cook “Dduk ggook” which is rice cake soup.  The reason why we eat the rice cake soup is that the rice cake is long and white which means a long life and pureness.  Traditionally,  the day before the new year’s day, all family members make dumplings together to add them into rice cake soup.  My favorite dumplings are Kimchi dumplings.

In early morning of the new year’s day, we dress up with 한복(Han bok) which is Korean traditional clothes and bow to grand parents, uncles/aunts and parents. Then, they give us some money in a small pocket after we bow to them. The bow is called 세배(se bae), and the money is called 세뱃돈(se baet ddon).

When I was a kid, we went to go to my oldest uncle’s house the day before the new year’s day.  My uncle said “You shouldn’t go to bed until midnight, otherwise the ghost will come to make you really old.” (It is one of fairy tales)

For a kid, it’s not easy to stay up late, so I fell asleep.  Every time I went to bed early, my uncle put flour on my eyebrows, so when I woke up I found myself to become an old lady.

I am going to make my own rice cake soup and think about my family in Korea.

여러분, 새해 복 많이 받으세요!

[Culture] Subway in Seoul!

When you travel in Seoul, you will take subway. Subway in Korean is 지하철(Ji ha cheol). The subway system in Seoul is very complicated and big.  So If you don’t have a map, you will get lost!  To be honest, I got lost several times at Chungmuro station. 😦

Here is some information about the subway system in Seoul.  You can download those maps and bring them to Seoul.

Download the Korean map:map_korea

Download the English map: map_english

And these are pictures of some tourist places that are close to subway station.

1호선 Line1

2호선 Line2

3호선 Line 3

4호선 Line 4

Korean home food

 

What do Koreans normally eat?
한국 사람들은 보통 뭐 먹어요?

 Koreans eat 밥(rice) for three meals, you can say Koreans can’t live without rice.  How can you eat rice for every meal?  My friend asked me once.  Yes, we can because there are lots of different 반찬(side dishes).

Because a lot of people(workers) eat out for lunch, we can have some side dishes for breakfast and add a 찌개(stew) or (soup) with the same or different side dishes for dinner.

This is my normal 점심(lunch), but sometimes I eat this for 아침(breakfast) or 저녁(dinner).  I had 시금치나물(seasoned spinach), 두부부침(fried tofu), 어묵조림(fried fishcake), 파래무침(seasoned seaweed) and 오징어채(dried squid) with my rice for lunch.

It is very healthy and light. IMG_1023.JPG

 

You will wonder,

Where is 김치(Kimch)?
김치가 떨어졌어요. Well, I have run out of Kimchi.

I haven’t been to the 한국슈퍼마켓(Korean market) recently.

My precious Kimchi!!!!

My favorite side dish is 김(seaweed).

What is yours?

오이 김치 Cucumber Kimchi

 

*My favorite Kimchi is cucumber Kimchi, especially in the summer.

Few months ago, I bought a bag of cucumbers from a Korean market and made my first cucumber Kimchi.  It was very easy!!!!!

 

You need,

1. cucumbers  오이 

2. chives  부추

3. red pepper flakes 고춧가루 (Korean red pepper powder)

4. anchovy sauce or shrimp sauce  멸치액젓 또는 새우젓 (Korean anchovy sauce)

5. garlic, onions, green onions, carrots, sugar, salt  마늘, 양파, 파, 당근, 설탕, 소금

 

1. Cut cucumbers 2.5 ~ 3 inches and cut each piece like the picture. BUT, don’t cut them all the way down, just cut 2/3 so you can put chives stuffing inside of each cucumber piece. IMG_1013.JPG

 

2. Boil water with lots of salt(I put two cups).

3. When it starts boiling, turn off the stove and put those little cucumbers into the hot water.

IMG_1010.JPG

4. Wait one hour.

5. While you are waiting, you can make chives stuffing.  Cut chives 2 inches, slice onions and carrots.  And Mix veges with a cup of red pepper flakes, a big spoon of fish sauce, a big spoon of minced garlic, a small spoon of sugar and a small spoon of salt.  You can taste it now.  If you like spicy, you can put more red pepper flakes.

 

 

IMG_1011.JPG

6. Rescue those cucumbers from salty hot water and drain the water.

7. Put the stuffing into each cucumber piece.  It is kinda BORING………

8. This is a very important part!!  Put them in a jar or a Tupperware, fill up the container as much as possible.  It is not good if there is lots of space.  Old Koreans used to put them into a jar and put a big rock on the top of the jar, so it can press cucumbers.

 

IMG_1009.JPG

 

 

9. I left that Kimchi container outside for two days and then put it into refrigerator because I thought that would help the process of fermentation.  We do that for cabbage Kimchi!!!!  But my mom said I should have put it into refrigerator after I made that.  Anyway, you have to wait for few days.

Whatever!

It was delicious~~~~~~~~
Crunch, juicy, spicy, stinky(of course!) 

I eat them almost every meal right now.  Am I the happiest girl in the whole world?  🙂