[Expression] I like your hat!

In English, people often say “I like your hat!” or “I like your shoes!” if someone is wearing a cool hat or nice shoes. You shouldn’t translate it as “그 모자 좋아해요!” or “신발 좋아해요!” into Korean because “I like your hat!” doesn’t mean “I LIKE it”, it actually means “Your hat is nice.”

If you say “모자/신발 좋아해요” in Korean, it means “I like it” such as “I like apples” or “I like ice cream.”. Therefore you have to say “모자가 멋있어요.(The hat is cool)” or “신발이 예뻐요(The shoes are pretty)” or “모자가 어울려요(The hat fits you very well).”

New words>

모자: hat
신발: shoes
좋아하(): to like
멋있(): to be cool, awesome
예쁘(): to be pretty
어울리(): to fit well, match well
//여요: a sentence ending for present tense

[Vocabulary] 병 disease

Image result for sick clipart

병, 증상 disease, symptom

한국어 영어 한국어 영어
감기에 걸리다 to get a cold ~이/가 아프다 to hurt/be sick
열이 나다 to have fever 기침이 나다 to cough
콧물이 나다 to have a runny nose 기침을 하다 to cough
~를 다치다 to get hurt ~이/가 붓다 to swell
눈이 빨개지다 eyes are red 이가 썩다 to have a cavity
멍이 들다 to get a bruise ~가 부러지다 to be broken
벌레에 물리다 to get bitten 스트레스가 쌓이다 to be stressed
~를 삐다 to sprain ~를 베다 to cut oneself
~를 데다 to burn oneself 피(코피)가 나다 to bleed

[Expression]어떻게 해요? vs 어떡해요?

어떻게(adverb) means ‘how’ and ‘해요(verb)‘ means ‘do’, so 어떻게 해요 means ‘what should I(you) do?”. And 어떡해요(adjective) is a short form for 어떻게 해요. Therefore, both mean “what should I do?”. They are used for when some BAD thing happened.

In conversations, it can be translated “Oh, no”, “Oh, my god!” or “Too bad”. I heard that a lot of people say ‘미안해요’ when they hear bad news because in English, they say “I am sorry to hear that.” when they hear a bad thing.

But “미안해요.” means “sorry/apologize”, not ‘feel sorry’.  You can say “아이고, 어떡해요.” or “어머, 정말 안 됐네요.(It is too bad)”.

 

Example,

A: 200만원을 잃어버렸어요. I lost 2,000,000 Won.
B: 아이고, 어떡해요. 그거 등록금이잖아요. Oh, my god! That was your tuition!

B: 왜 울고 있어요? 무슨 일 있어요? Why are you crying? What happened?
A: 어제 우리 집 강아지가 갑자기 죽었어요. My dog suddenly died yesterday.
B: 어머, 어떡해요… 무슨 병이 있었어요?  Oh, no… Was he sick before?

A: 지난 주에 정민 씨가 남자 친구하고 헤어졌어요. Jungmin broke up with her boyfriend last week.
B: 어머, 정말 안 됐네요. 정민 씨가 남자 친구를 많이 좋아했잖아요. That’s too bad, Jungmin really like him, right?

 

 

 

[expression] 웬 or 왠

or are so confusing even to Koreans. 웬 means ‘what happened’ and it is used with a lot of words or phrases such as 웬일, 웬만하다, 웬만큼, 웬 떡. However 왠 is only used for 왠지which is the short from for 왜인지.

웬일이에요? What brought you here?

제 친구는 코가 높아서 웬만한 남자는 눈에 안 차요. My friend is very picky, so she is not satisfied with normal guys.

웬만하면 참으세요. If it is okay, please bear with it.

공부를 웬만큼 잘해서는 서울대학교에 갈 수 없어요. You cannot go to Seoul National University if your score is just okay.

그 사람은 웬만해서는 잘 안 웃어요. That person doesn’t usually smile.

웬떡이니? How lucky am I!

 

On the other hand, 왠지 is the short form for 왜인지 which is indirect question sentence ,so it means ‘I don’t know why’. (You can learn indirect question by clicking here.)

오늘은 왠지 기분이 안 좋아요. I don’t know why but I am not a good mood today.

왠지 안 좋은 일이 생길 것 같아요. I don’t know why but I feel that something bad will happen.

왠지 좀 걷고 싶어요. I don’t know why but I want to walk a little bit.

왠지 좀 추운데 감기에 걸렸나? I don’t know why but I am little bit cold. Do I have a cold?

[Expression] 오래/오랫동안/오랜만 for long time

오래 means ‘a long time’ and 오랫동안 means ‘for long time’, which 동안 means ‘for (time)’. 오래 and 오랫동안 are often switchable.

오래 기다렸어요.  I waited for a long time. (=오랫동안)
남자 친구하고 오래 사귀었어요. I have been dating with my boyfriend for a long time. (=오랫동안)
여기에서 오래 살고 싶어요. I want to live here for a long time. (=오랫동안)
오래 앉아 있으면 허리가 아파요. My back is sore if I sit for a long time. (=오랫동안)
* 오래 안 걸릴 거예요. It won’t take long. (It is weird if the verb is 걸리다 which means ‘take time’)

 

오랜만 (or 오래간만means ‘do something that you have not done for a long time’. For example,

오랜만이에요. It has been a long time (since we saw last time)
오랜만 피자를 먹었어요. I ate pizza. (I had not had pizza for a long time)
오랜만 친구를 만났어요. I met my friend. (I had not seen him/her for a long time)
오랜만 영화를 봤어요. I watched a movie. (I had not seen a movie for a while)
오랜만 오셨네요. You came! (You have not been here for a long time)

You can listen to the audio file by clicking here. 

[vocabulary] injury 부상 accident 사고

Vocabulary>

다치다 to get injured
아프다 to be sick, to have pain
쑤시다 to be sore, ache
-에 찔리다 to get stabbed by
뻐근하다 to be stiff
피가 나다 to bleed
멍이 들다 to have a bruise
넘어지다 to fall down
삐다 to sprain, twist
부러지다 to be broken
-에 부딪치다 to bump into
칼에 베이다 to get cut by a knife
불에 데다 to burn with fire
화상을 입다 to burn
미끄러지다 to slip

 

Sentences>

허리를 다쳐서 움직일 수 없어요. I cannot move because I hurt my back.
발이 아파서 걸을 수 없어요. I cannot walk because my feet hurt.
야구를 하다가 팔이 부러졌어요. I broke my arm while playing baseball.
길이 미끄러워서 넘어졌어요. I fell because the road was too slippery.
요리를 하다가 칼에 손을 베었어요. I cut my hand while cooking.
라면을 끓이다가 손을 데었어요. I burned my hand while cooking noodles.
  • -다가 means ‘while’, ‘during’. Click here to study more about -다가.

 

Click here to listen to audio files. 

Korean work related words

출근하다 to go to work
퇴근하다 to go home
출퇴근하다 to commute
근무하다 to work
결근하다 to be absent
야근하다 to work at night
주말 근무를 하다 to work on weekends
회의하다 to have a meeting
직장 동료 colleague
직장 선배 senior colleague
직장 후배 junior colleague
상사 boss
부장님 manager
과장님 section chief
대리님 assistant manager
팀장님 team leader
사장님 CEO
직업을 구하다 to look for a job
취직하다 to be hired
해고되다 to be fired
월급/봉급 salary
연봉 annual income
연봉 협상을 하다 to negotiate salary
승진하다 to be promoted

 

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