Grammar list for Intermediate

  1. -(으)ㄴ 적이 있다/없다 : have done (to have an experience)
  2. -(으)ㄴ 지 (time) 지나다/넘다/되다 : It has been (time) since –
  3. -(으)ㄴ/는 데다가 : not only -, but also-
  4. -(으)ㄴ/는 셈이다 : It is the same as -, I can count (something) as-
  5. -(으)ㄴ/는 순간 : at the moment that (someone) did/do
  6. -(으)ㄴ 채로 : statue in progress
  7. -(으)ㄴ/는 척하다 : to pretend to do
  8. -(으)ㄴ/는/-(으)ㄹ 것 같다: it looks like, it seems like
  9. -(으)ㄴ/는 대로 : as the same as (someone) did/do
  10. -(으)ㄴ/는/-(으)ㄹ 모양이다 : it looks like, it seems like
  11. -(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 듯이 : like, as… as…
  12. -(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 줄 알았다, 몰랐다 :  thought that, didn’t know that
  13. -(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ듯하다 : it looks like, it seems like
  14. -(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ지 알다/모르다 : know/don’t know whether/ if
  15. -(으)ㄴ/는다면서요? / -다며? : I heard…, right?
  16. -(으)ㄴ/는데 : but/however, to present a background situation
  17. -(으)니까 : 1. because, 2. to realize something
  18. -(으)ㄹ걸(요) : guess (maybe, might, will)
  19. -(으)ㄹ 걸 그랬다: to express that a speaker regrets about something
  20. -(으)ㄹ 것이(게) 아니라 : not will do A, but will do B
  21. A(으)겸  B(으)ㄹ 겸 해서 C : doing C in order to do A and B.
  22. -(으)ㄹ 만하다 : it is worth to do
  23. -(으)ㄹ 뻔했다 : almost did
  24. -(으)ㄹ 뿐만 아니라 : not only-, but also –
  25. -(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다 : have to, should
  26. -(으)ㄹ 정도로(=만큼) : like (this much)
  27. -(으)ㄹ 테니까 : (=(으)ㄹ 거니까) because S will do, because S will happen
  28. -(으)ㄹ 텐데 : ask/suggest/request while telling a background situation
  29. A(으)ㄹ까 B(으)ㄹ까 고민하다/생각하다 : to think of doing A or doing B
  30. A(으)ㄹ지 B(으)ㄹ지 고민하다/생각하다 : to think of doing A or doing B
  31. -(으)ㄹ까 봐 : be afraid of doing
  32. -(으)ㄹ까 하다 : to think of doing
  33. -(으)ㄹ까요? : Shall we, will it? (to have a question about a situation in the future)
  34. -(으)ㄹ래요.? : I will… / would you…?
  35. -(으)ㄹ리가 없다 : it will not be
  36. -(으)ㄹ수록 : the more… the more…
  37. -(으)ㄹ 수도 있다 : maybe
  38. -(으)ㄹ지도 모르다 : maybe
  39. -(으)려고 : in order to do (click here to learn more)
  40. -(으)려고 하는데 / -(으)려고 했는데 : was going to do
  41. -(으)려고 하다 : be about to do, be going to do (click here to learn more)
  42. -(으)려나 보다(=으려고 하나 보다)  : it looks like, it seems like
  43. -(으)려다가(=으려고 하다가) : was going to do (change an action to different one)
  44. -(으)려면(=으려고 하면) : if you want to do, if you are going to do
  45. -(으)로서 : as  a noun (qualification, position)
  46. -(으)며 : while, and
  47. -(으)면 안 되다 : should not do, not okay to do
  48. (으)면서 : while, although
  49. -(으)므로 : because-
  50. -거나 : do A or B
  51. -거나 말거나 : whether do A or not
  52. -거든 : if, because
  53. -게 : in order to, to make adjectives into adverbs 
  54. -게 되다 : become
  55. -게 하다 / 만들다 / 시키다 : to make someone/something to do(causative)
  56. -겠- : a verb particle for the future tense
  57. -겠어요 : should, will
  58. -고 나다 : -고 나서, 고 나면 : after doing
  59. -고 보다 : -고 보니(까), -고 보면 : find out something after doing –
  60. -고 있다 : Verb-ing (action in progress)
  61. -고는 하다 : often do
  62. -고자 하다 : want to (=고 싶다)
  63. -기 때문에 : because –
  64. -기 때문이다 : because- (at the end of sentence)
  65. -기/-게 마련이다 : it sure do/certainly do
  66. -기는 하다 : admit to a fact which is unpleasant
  67. -기는 하지만/-기는 해도 : it is…, but…(admit to a fact, but have another opinion)
  68. -기는요 : to disagree the person who just say or ask
  69. A기도 하고 B기도 하다 : A and also B
  70. -기를 바라다 : to hope
  71. -기만 하면 : if/once someone do this, it will
  72. -기에는 adjective : it is adjective to do –
  73. -길래(기에) : because –
  74. -ㄴ/는다면 : if
  75. -나 마나 : whether A or not (it will be the same result), therefore you don’t need to do
  76. -나 보다 : it looks like, it seems like
  77. -느니 : rather than do –
  78. A는 것은 B느니만 못하다 : doing A is not better than B.
  79. -느라고 : because, in order to
  80. 는 것, 기, -음 :  -ing, to make a verb as a noun clause
  81. -는 것이 아니라 : not A but B
  82. A-는 김에 B하다: on a change of doing A, also doing B 
  83. -는 대로  : as soon as (=자마자)
  84. noun 대신에, -는 대신에: instead of
  85. -는 덕분에 : because of (with pleasure result)
  86. -는 데(에) 좋다/나쁘다 : good/bad to do
  87. -는 데다가 : in addition
  88. -는 동안에 : during, while
  89. -는 바람에 : because (with bad result)
  90. -는 중에 or 중이다 : in the middle of doing
  91. -는 편이다 : tend to
  92. -다 보니(까), -다가 보면 : to realize something during doing something
  93. -다가 : while, during
  94. -다가는 : to express a warning
  95. -다시피 : as you see
  96. -더니 : reason, but, as soon as
  97. -더라 : to tell a story while reminiscing a scene in the past
  98. -더라도 : even though
  99. -던, -았/었/였던 : used to
  100. -던 참에, -던 참이다 : was going to do
  101. -던데 : 더+ㄴ데
  102. -도록 : in order to
  103. -도록 하다 : make a command or someone’s will softer
  104. -든지 : either
  105. A든지 말든지 : either A or not,
  106. noun 마다 :  every
  107. time 만에 : since time
  108. noun만큼, -는 만큼 : as much as
  109. -말이에요 : you know
  110. -아/어/여 가다/오다 : it has done
  111. -아/어/여 가지고 : because(conversational)
  112. -아/어/여 내다 : to complete an action
  113. -아/어/여 두다/놓다 :  status in progress
  114. -아/어/여 버리다 : to complete an action
  115. -아/어/여 보이다 : to look like
  116. -아/어/여 있다 : status in progress
  117. 아/어/여도 : even if, (아무리) -아/어/여도 : No matter how
  118. -아/어/여도 되다 : be okay to do, allow to do
  119. -아/어/여봤자 : whether do or not, it is the same result
  120. -아/어/여서 : reason, after doing(a sequence of two actions, time order)
  121. -아/어/여서 그래요. : it is because
  122. -아/어/여서 그런지 : maybe because
  123. -아/어/여야지 : have to
  124. -았/었/였더라면 -았/었/였을 텐데… : if someone did, it would have…
  125. -았/었/였으면 좋겠다/싶다/하다 : hope
  126. -에 대한, -에 대해서/관해서 : about
  127. -에 따른, -에 따르면 : according to
  128. -에 비해서 : compare to
  129. -에 의한, -에 의해서 : by someone
  130. -와/과 같이/마찬가지로 : as the same as
  131. -와/과 다르게/달리 : different from
  132. -은/는커녕, -기는커녕 : do not even say –
  133. 을/를 위한, 위해서, -기 위해서 : in order to, for-
  134. -을/를 통한, 통해서 : through
  135. number 이나, 밖에 
  136. -자마자 : as soon as
  137. -잖아요 : you know
  138. noun적이다, noun적으로 : noun-> adjective, noun-> adverb
  139. -지 그래요? : why don’t you
  140. -지요? : to confirm
  141. -처럼, -는/은 것처럼 : as like
  142. Adjective -아/어/여지다 : become adjective
  143. Verb -아/어/여지다 : passive voice
  144. Casual speech (반말)
  145. Indirect speech (statement, question, suggestion, imperative)
  146. Irregular verb ㅅ
  147. Irregular verb ㅎ
  148. noun 말고
  149. noun 빼고
  150. noun 없이
  151. noun만 못하다 : not as good as
  152. noun만 하다
  153. Passive voice(피동문)
  154. Causative sentence(사동문)
  155. Subject honorific verb (존댓말 동사)
  156. 되다 verb
  157. noun 못지않게 : as good as
  158. 아닐 수 없다, -지 않을 수 없다 (double negation)
  159. -는 것은 아니다(partial negation)
  160. 아무/아무도/아무나 : any/nobody/any