-(으)면 어떻게 해/어떡해

(으)면 어떻게 해 what am I supposed to do?

(으)면 어떻게 해 literally means “if you do, what should I do/what am I supposed to do/how is going to be?”.

It is used for two situations. The first one is that the speaker is worried if an action happens like the literal meaning. It is often used with 어떡하지? which is a sentence ending for the speaker talking to him/herself. For example,

이번에도 시험에 떨어지면 어떡하지? What should I do if I fail the test again?
오늘 밤에 비가 오면 어떡하지? 내일 소풍 날인데… What should I do if it rains tonight? It is a picnic day tomorrow….
찬호가 안 오면 어떡하지? What am I supposed to do if Chanho doesn’t come?
엄마가 알면 어떡하지? What should I do if mom knows this?

And the second situation is that the speaker doesn’t want someone to do the action or the speaker is blaming someone for an action. So the real nuance is “why did you do it?”, “You shouldn’t have done it” or “I don’t know what to do if you do it, so please don’t do it”. For example,

이렇게 가면 나는 어떻게 해? If you leave me, I don’t know what to do.
너 동생을 때리면 어떡해? You hit your little brother/sister, what is wrong with you? (so you shouldn’t have hit your little brother/sister)
네 것도 아닌데 가지고 오면 어떡하니? This is not yours, why did you bring it over here? (what am I supposed to do?)
형도 줘야지 네가 다 먹으면 어떡하니? You should share it with your older brother, you ate all of it!

#면어떡해 #가면어떡해 #가면어떻게 #어떻게 #어떡해 #어떻게해 #어떡하니 #어떡하라고 #어떡하지 #으면 어떻게 #으면 어떡해