[Grammar] -아/어/여 있다 status in progress

‘-아/어/여 있다’ means ‘~ing(status in progress) ‘ in English for verbs that cannot have objects like 앉다, 눕다, 서다, 비다, 남다 and most passive voice verbs. It is the same meaning as -고 있다, however ‘-고 있다’ is attached to verbs that have objects such as 먹다, 마시다, 보다, 사다, 하다.

For example,

고양이가 의자에 앉아 있어요.  A cat is sitting on the chair.
개가 길에 누워 있어요.  A dog is lying on the sidewalk.
문 앞에 오랫동안 서 있었어요. I was standing in front of the door for a long time.
나무 위에 눈이 많이 쌓여 있어요. A tree is covered with snow. (Snow is stacked on a tree)
제가 봤을 때 가방이 비어 있었어요. When I saw, the bag was empty.
수술을 한 지 오래 됐지만 상처가 아직 남아 있어요. I got the surgery for a long time ago, the scar is still there.
통장에 아직 100만원이 남아 있어요. There are still one million Won in the account.

You can listen to audio files by clicking here. <-여기를 누르시면 오디오를 들을 수 있습니다. 

Click here to study -고 있다.

Click here to study passive voice. 

[Grammar] -고 있다 : action in progress, -ing

verb+고 있다  ~ing

-고 있다 means an action in progress like in English ‘-ing’.

Present tense ; – 고 있어요.
Past tense : -고 있었어요.
Future tense : -고 있을 거예요.

For example,
지금 뭐 하고 있어요? What are you doing now?
밥 먹고 있었어요.  I was eating a meal.
책 읽고 있어요.  I am reading a book.
텔레비전 보고 있어요.  I am watching TV.
숙제하고 있었어요.  I was doing my homework.
백화점 앞에서 친구를 기다리고 있었어요.  I was waiting for my friend in front of the department store.
휴대 전화를 보고 있었어요. I was looking at my phone.
10년 후에 한국에서 살고 있을 거예요.  I will be living in Korean 10 years from now.

You can listen to the audio here(click).