[Grammar] -으러/-으려고 and 으려고 하다


-(으)러 and -(으)려고  occurs after verbs(not adjective); they mean ‘purpose’ or ‘in order to~’. Although they have the same meaning, there is a difference.  -(으)러 can only be with 가다/오다/다니다(go/come/go frequent).  If you want to use other verbs, you should use ‘-(으)려고’.  However -(으)려고 can’t be used with suggestive and imperative(order) sentence.  I made a table to show you the difference between -(으)러 and -(으)려고.

And -(으)려고 can be with 하다 : -(으)려고 하다 it means ‘be about to do’.

only with 가다,오다, 다니다
statement, question, suggestive, command sentences
with all verb,
-으려고 하다
can’t use with suggestive, command sentences


verbs(consonant ending)
먹으러(으려고), 읽으러(으려고), 받으러(으려고), 찾으러(으려고)
vebs(vowel ending or ㄹending)
만나러(려고), 마시러(려고),  배우러(려고), 만들러(려고),

You can also put a destination into this phrase, like

-(으)러/-(으)려고   —에   verb

Let’s practice with some sentences.

먹으러 식당에 가요.
I am going to a restaurant to eat.
월급 받으러 회사에 갔어요.
 (somebody) went to the office to get his paycheck.
돈을 찾으러 은행에 왔어요.
 I came to the bank to take out some money. 
친구를 만나러 명동에 가요.
 I am going to Myeongdong to meet my friend.
유진 씨, 술 마시러 호프집에 가요?
Yujin, are you going to a bar to drink?
폴 씨, 우리 같이 한국어 배우러 학원에 가요. 배우려고(X)
 Paul, let’s go to a school to learn Korean together. 
빼려고 헬스장에 다녀요.
 I am going to a gym to reduce my fat.
도자기 만들려고 왔어요.
 I came to make ceramics. 
만나러 다음 달에 서울에 오세요.
Come meet me in Seoul next month.
내년에 결혼하려고 돈을 모아요.
 I am depositing money for my wedding next year. 
지금 나가려고 해요.
 I am about to go out. 

You can also listen to the pronunciation here.


[Grammar] Means, way particle -으로/로

Means, way, method particle -으로/로

-(으)로 is a noun particle which means ‘means’, ‘way’ or ‘method’, it can be translated ‘by’ or ‘with’ in English.  You can use this for transportation, a tool, a way that you use.


 Nouns(consonants ending)
손으로, 핸드폰으로, 인터넷으로,
 Nouns(vowel or ㄹ ending)
차로, 자전거로, 기차로, 지하철로, 이메일로


consonants ending
으로 먹어요.
Eat with hands.
으로 만들었어요.
Made this with flowers.
인터넷으로 찾았어요.
Found this on the Internet. (method)
vowel or
ㄹ ending
자전거 가요.
Go by bicycle.
기차 가요.
Go by train.
지하철로 가요.
Go by subway.
이메일로 보내요.
Send it via Email.

When you say ‘go by foot’, we don’t use this particle. ‘Go by foot’ in Korean is ‘걸어서 가요’, ‘come by foot’ is ‘걸어서 와요.’

You can also listen to the pronunciation here.