-요 and 습니다 are both polite sentence endings, but they are used for different situations.
-요 is used for friendly/informal situations. Koreans use -요 for normal/daily conversations, you can use this to anyone who are older than you or you want to express respect.
On the other hand, 습니다 is used more for formal situations like work meetings, conferences, writing, army base, and TV news etc.
|진주는 제 친구예요.
||진주는 제 친구입니다.
|이 학교는 좋아요.
||이 학교는 좋습니다.
If you want to learn more about 이에요, please click here.
If you want to learn more about 아요/어요/해요, please click here.
If you want to learn more about 습니다/ㅂ니다, please click here.
If you want to learn more about the honorific speech, please click here.
저 : I, me
는 : topic particle (click here to learn more)
폴 : Paul
이에요. : a sentence ending, it means “is/are/am”
1. Use : N(consonant ending) +이에요
N(vowel ending) + 예요
2. Meaning : Be verb like is, are, am (Polite way and informal way(friendly))
- There is no space between noun and 예요/이에요
- In Korean, there is no difference between is/are/am, so you don’t need to think about the subject at this moment.
- Present tense
3. Example : 의사(vowel ending) +예요 -> 의사예요 ~is/are/am a doctor
카메라(vowel ending) +예요 -> 카메라예요 ~is a camera
미국 사람(consonant ending) + 이에요 -> 미국 사람이에요 ~is/are/am an American
선생님(consonant ending) +이에요 -> 선생님이에요 ~is/are/am a teacher
4. You can use this as a question.
eg) 엄마가 의사예요? Is your mom a doctor?
이거 카메라예요? This is a camera?
이름이 뭐예요? What is your name?
이 사람이 누구예요? Who is this person?
친구가 선생님이에요? Is your friend a teacher?
저는 고려대학교 학생이에요? I am Korea University student.
민수 씨 형이에요? Is he your(Minsu) older brother?
어느 나라 사람이에요? Which country person are you? Where are you from?
For more sentences and audio files, please click here.