[Grammar] -에 particle

-에 is a particle that has many meanings. (It has 16 different meanings!!) In this post, I am going to explain three main uses.

1. Place (existence) : -에 often with 있어요/없어요 and 살아요, it means something/someone is at/on/in a place.
선생님이 학교에 있어요.  The teacher is at the school.
민수 씨가 도서관에 있어요.  Minsu is at the library.
동생이 집에 있어요.  My younger sister(brother) is at home.
오빠가 집에 없어요.  My older brother is not at home.

2. Place (destination) : -에 often with 가요(go)/와요(come)/다녀요(attend), it indicates a destination.
저는 지금 집에 가요. I am going home.
화장실에 가요. I am going to the restroom.
어디에 가요? Where are you going?
미나 씨가 도서관에 가요. Mina is going to the library.
언제 한국에 와요? When are you coming to Korea?
저는 A대학교에 다녀요. I am attending at A University.

3. Time : -에 also means verb/adjective happens at/in/on the time.
내년 한국 가요. I am going to Korea next year.
월요일 친구 집 가요. I am going to my friend’s house on Monday.
아침 학교 있어요. I am at school in the morning.
9시 아침 먹어요. I eat the breakfast at 9 o’clock.
As you can see, you can use two 에 in one sentence which are different meanings.

You should add 에 after most time nouns, but some time nouns don’t need 에 such as 오늘, 어제, 내일, 매일/매주/매달/매년, 언제, 지금.
오늘 백화점에 가요.  I am going to a department store today.
매일 공부해요. I study every day.
지금 뭐 해요? What are you doing now?

And if there are more than two time nouns, you can just add 에 for the last time noun. For example,
오늘 오후 영화를 봐요. I am going to watch a movie this afternoon.
이번 주 월요일 시간이 없어요. I don’t have time this Monday.
다음 주 금요일 4시 만나요. Let’s meet at 4 next Friday.
내년 9월 10일 5시 결혼해요. I am going to get married at 5 o’clock on September 10th next year.

  • Many students get confused by -에(place) and -에서(place), if you want to learn more about this please click here.

[Grammar] Sports 운동

photo

무슨 운동을 좋아해요? What is your favorite sport? Mine is 야구(baseball). Practice these and tell me about your favorite sport! Let’s go A’s!!!!!

You can also listen to the pronunciation here.

Noun
Verb
English
농구
하다
basketball
축구
하다
soccer
야구
하다
baseball
배구
하다
volleyball
수영
하다
swimming
테니스
치다
tennis
탁구
치다
table tennis
배드민턴
치다
badminton
볼링
치다
bowling
태권도
하다
Taekwondo
유도
하다
Judo
스키
타다
ski
스노우보드
타다
snowboard

[Expression] Travel 여행

When you go to Korea, you need to say these a lot! Practice a lot before you go to Korea!

And if you have a question, reply to this post.

저……
Uh…..
실례합니다.
Excuse me.
저는 한국말을 몰라요.
I don’t speak Korean.
영어할 줄 알아요?
Do you speak English?
여기 어떻게 가요?
How do I get this place?
공항에 어떻게 가요?
How do I get to the airport?
화장실이 어디에 있어요?
Where is the bathroom?
다시 한번 말해 주세요.
Can you repeat one more time?
천천히 말해 주세요.
Can you speak slowly?
얼마예요?
How much is it?
이거 주세요.
I will take this. Please give me this.
여기 있어요.
 Here it is.
어디에 가세요?
Where are you going?
공항에 가요.
I am going to the airport
도와 주세요.
Please help me.
알려 주세요.
Please tell me. Please let me know.

You can listen to the pronunciation here.

[Voca] Family 가족

family

For beginners, you will be asked about your family a lot.

“Where do they live?” “Do you have siblings?”.

How do you say it in Korean?

가족이 지금 어디에 살아요?
Where does your family live now?
제 가족은 서울에 살아요.
My family lives in Seoul.
형제 (자매)가 있어요?
Do you have siblings?
형제 (자매)가 몇 명이에요?
How many siblings do you have?
오빠가 한 명 있어요.
I have an older brother (for a woman).
이 두 명 있어요.
I have two older brothers (for a man).
언니가 한 명 있어요.
I have an older sister (for a woman).
누나가 두 명 있어요.
I have two older sisters (for a man).
남동생이 한 명 있어요.
I have a younger brother (for both).
여동생이 한 명 있어요.
I have a younger sister (for both).
혼자예요.
I am an only child.
저는 형제 (자매)가 없어요.
I don’t have siblings.
조카
niece and nephew
할아버지
grand father
할머니
grand mother
부모님
parents
아버지/ 아빠
father/dad
어머니/ 엄마
mother/mom

 

You can also listen to the pronunciation here :

http://quizlet.com/45114436/family-flash-cards/