Hangeul 8 – Final consonants

Hangeul 8-  7 Final consonants

In Korean

1) ㄴ ‘n’

2) ㅁ ‘m’

3) ㅇ ‘ng’

4) ㄹ ‘l’

5) ㄱ(ㄲ,ㅋ) ‘k’

: ㄱ, ㄲ, ㅋ are the same sound(ㄱ) when they are locate in an ending consonant.    e.g) 억 = 엌

6) ㅂ(ㅍ) ‘p’

: ㅂandㅍ are the same sound(ㅂ) when they are locate in an ending consonant.   e.g) 입 = 잎

7) ㄷ(ㅌ,ㅅ,ㅆ,ㅈ,ㅊ,ㅎ) ‘t’

:  ㄷ,ㅌ,ㅅ,ㅆ,ㅈ,ㅊ,ㅎ are the same sound(ㄷ) when they are locate in an ending consonant.    e.g) 읻 = 잍 = 잇 = 있 = 잊 = 잋 = 잏

If you have any question, please leave a reply.

[Grammar] 위,아래, 앞, 뒤 : Location nouns

Location nouns
위/아래/앞/뒤/옆/왼쪽/오른쪽/안/밖

 

We are going to learn location nouns in this post.  You can put these location nouns into ‘-이/가 -에 있어요/없어요 (~ is at/in somewhere) in the previous post(click).  Let’s look at the table below to learn location nouns.

Korean
English
Example
top,above
책상 위 on the desk
아래
under, bottom
책상 아래 under the desk
front
책상 앞 in front of the desk
back, behind
책상 뒤 behind the desk
next to
책상 옆 next to the desk
왼쪽
to the left of ~
책상 왼쪽 to the left of the desk
오른쪽
to the right of~
책상 오른쪽 to the right of desk
inside the ~
집 안 inside the house
outside of the~
집 밖 outside of the house
A하고 B 사이
between A and B
책상하고 의자 사이 between the desk and the chair

 

You can make it into a question with the question noun “어디” which means “where” instead of the noun in “Location noun+에“.

e.g)

시계가 책상 에 있어요.
The clock is on the desk.
시계가 책상 아래에 있어요.
The clock is under the desk.
시계가 책상 에 있어요.
The clock is in front of the desk.
시계가 책상 에 있어요.
The clock is behind the desk.
시계가 책상에 있어요.
The clock is next to the desk.
시계가 책상 왼쪽에 있어요.
The clock is to the left of the desk.
시계가 책상 오른쪽에 있어요.
The clock is to the right of the desk.
고양이가 집 에 있어요.
The cat is inside the house.
고양이가 집에 있어요.
The cat is outside of the house.
고양이가 책상하고 의자 사이에 있어요.
The cat is between the desk and the chair.
선생님이 어디에 있어요?
Where is the teacher?
화장실이 어디에 있어요?
Where is the bathroom?

You can listen to the pronunciation here.

Practice1>> Tranlate it to English.

1) 돈이 가방에 없어요.

2) 컴퓨터가 집에 없어요.

3) 시계가 책상 위에 있어요.

4) 사과가 냉장고 안에 있어요.

5) 학교가 어디에 있어요?

6) 선생님이 어디에 있어요?

 

Practice2>>Translate it to Korean.

1) Where is your house?

2) The book is on the top of the desk.

3) My friend is not in America.

4) Where is the school?

5) The pen is under the book.

6) Is the cell phone in the bag?

 

If you know the answer, please leave a reply under this post. I will post the answer next weekend!

[Grammar] -에서 Place particle

-에서 Place particle

 

We have learned the place particle -에 on the previous post(click), -에 is a place particle which means ‘existence(-에 있어요/없어요)’ or ‘direction(-에 가요/와요)’.

-에서 is also a place particle, but this is for an action, such as “I work at home”, “I study at the library” or “I eat lunch at a restaurant”.  In those sentences, ‘work’, ‘study’ and ‘eat’ have actions, you “do” something.  Let’s look at sentences below.

에서 텔레비전을 봐요.(보다:watch) I am watching TV at home.
학교에서 공부해요.(공부하다:study) I am studying at my school.
회사에서 일해요.(일하다:work) I am working at my company.
도서관에서 책을 읽어요.(읽다:read) I am reading books at the library.
커피숍에서 친구를 만나요.(만나다:meet) I am meeting my friend at the coffee shop.
극장에서 영화를 봐요.(보다:watch) I am watching a movie at the theater.
백화점에서 신발을 사요.(사다:buy) I am buying shoes at the department store.
친구 집에서 컴퓨터 게임해요.(게임하다:play a game) I am playing a computer game at my friend’s home.

You can also listen to the pronunciation here.

* Here is the difference between 에 and 에서. -에 is used for existence(있어요/없어요/살아요) and destination(가요/와요/다녀요), while 에서 is used for action verbs.

 

* 에서 also means ‘from a place’, check this out by clicking here.

[Grammar] Means, way particle -으로/로

Means, way, method particle -으로/로

-(으)로 is a noun particle which means ‘means’, ‘way’ or ‘method’, it can be translated ‘by’ or ‘with’ in English.  You can use this for transportation, a tool, a way that you use.

Form>

 Nouns(consonants ending)
으로
손으로, 핸드폰으로, 인터넷으로,
 Nouns(vowel or ㄹ ending)
차로, 자전거로, 기차로, 지하철로, 이메일로

e.g)

consonants ending
으로 먹어요.
Eat with hands.
으로 만들었어요.
Made this with flowers.
인터넷으로 찾았어요.
Found this on the Internet. (method)
vowel or
ㄹ ending
자전거 가요.
Go by bicycle.
기차 가요.
Go by train.
지하철로 가요.
Go by subway.
이메일로 보내요.
Send it via Email.

When you say ‘go by foot’, we don’t use this particle. ‘Go by foot’ in Korean is ‘걸어서 가요’, ‘come by foot’ is ‘걸어서 와요.’

You can also listen to the pronunciation here.

[Grammar] 왜? Question words

Question words for Beginners

Untitled-1

You can also listen to the pronunciation here.

어느
which
어느 나라 사람이에요?
Where are you from?
어느 학교 다녀요?
Which school are you attending?
누구
whom, whose
누구 거예요?
Whose thing is it?
누가
who(subject)
누가 안 왔어요?
Who didn’t come?
what
뭐 해요?
What are you doing?
무엇
formal word of ‘뭐’
무엇을 합니까?
What are you doing?
무슨+ N
what kind of N
무슨 음식을 좋아해요?
What food do you like?
무슨 책을 읽어요?
What book do you read?
why
왜 안 왔어요?
Why didn’t you come?
전화 왜 안 받아요?
Why didn’t you answer my phone?
어디
where
어디에 가요?
Where are you going?
어디에서 왔어요?
Where are you (coming) from?
언제
when
언제 한국에 왔어요?
When did you come to Korea?
언제 집에 와요?
When are you coming home?
어떻게
how
부산에 어떻게 가요?
How do I get to Busan.
이거 어떻게 해요?
How do I do this?
how many, what
몇 개예요?
How many is this?
몇 월이에요?
What month is it?
며칠
what date, how many days
오늘 며칠이에요?
What date is today?
며칠 동안 여행해요?
How many days are you going to travel?

 

A lot of Koreans write ‘며칠’ as ‘몇일’, but ‘몇일’ is wrong.  If you see anyone(Korean) write it wrong, please correct them!

[Grammar] Sports 운동

photo

무슨 운동을 좋아해요? What is your favorite sport? Mine is 야구(baseball). Practice these and tell me about your favorite sport! Let’s go A’s!!!!!

You can also listen to the pronunciation here.

Noun
Verb
English
농구
하다
basketball
축구
하다
soccer
야구
하다
baseball
배구
하다
volleyball
수영
하다
swimming
테니스
치다
tennis
탁구
치다
table tennis
배드민턴
치다
badminton
볼링
치다
bowling
태권도
하다
Taekwondo
유도
하다
Judo
스키
타다
ski
스노우보드
타다
snowboard

[Grammar] Present tense 아요/어요/여요

present

In Korean, the infinitive form of verbs and adjectives is -다.  For instance, 가(to go), 좋(be good), 먹(to eat) and 마시(to drink).

When you say these verbs and adjective as a present tense, you should add the present tense verb/adjective ending -아요/어요/여요.

The form is depending on the last letter’s vowel on the stem. The stem is the last letter after you take off ‘다’.

The steps are

1) Take off ‘다’
2) Look at the last letter’s vowel on the stem
3) If the vowel is ‘ㅏ’or ‘ㅗ’, add 아요.  If the vowel is not ‘ㅏ’or ‘ㅗ’, add 어요. If the verb stem is 하, add 여요.

1. verb / adjective(the stem’s vowel is ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅗ’ ) + 아요
ex)
다 (‘가’ is the stem -> the vowel is ‘ㅏ’ ) + 아요 => 가아요 => 가요(combine 가and 아 )
다(‘오’ is the stem -> the vowel is ‘ㅗ’)  + 아요 => 오아요 => 와요(combine 오and 아 )
다(‘살’ is the stem ->the vowel is ‘ㅏ’)  + 아요 => 살아요

2. verb / adjective(the stem’s vowel is not ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅗ’ ) + 어요
ex)
다(‘주’ is the stem -> the vowel is ‘ㅜ’)  +어요  => 주어요      => 줘요(주+어=>줘 )
다 (‘시’ is the last letter -> the vowel is ‘ㅣ’ ) +어요  => 마시어요 => 마셔요(시+어=>셔)
다(‘먹’is the stem -> the vowel is ‘ㅓ’) +어요  => 먹어요

3. verb/adjecitve ends with ‘하다’ + 여요  => 하(take off 다) + 여요
ex)
공부다 -> 공부하(take off 다)+ 여요 => 공부하여요(‘하여’ =>해)  => 공부해요
피곤다 -> 피곤하(take off 다) + 여요 => 피곤하여요 => 피곤해요

Vocabulary)

가다 : to go
오다 : to come
살다 : to live
먹다 : to eat
마시다 : to drink
주다 : to give
공부하다 : to study
피곤하다 : be tired

Practice)

만나다 (to meet)
좋다(be good)
보다(to see)
자다(to sleep)
웃다(to smile)
울다(to cry)
운동하다(to exercise)
수영하다(to swim)

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Click here for more verbs/adjectives