Hangeul 1 – Single Vowels

Korean Characters

Hangeul 1- 8 Single Vowels 

There are 40 characters in Korean, which are 21 vowels and 19 consonants.  The vowels can be divided to the single vowels and the double vowels.  There are 8 single vowels and 13 double vowels.

We are going to learn the single vowels in this page.

* Single vowels
You should not move your mouth or tongue while you are pronouncing single vowels. 

1) ㅏ  ‘a’ as in ‘father’, ‘spa’
[Click here to watch a video for ㅏ]

2) ㅓ ‘awe’ as in ‘awesome’ and ‘au’ as in ‘August’
[Click here to watch a video for ㅓ]

3) ㅗ ‘o’ as in ‘ghost’, ‘sofa’, however you shouldn’t move your mouth shape.
[Click here to watch a video for ㅗ]

4) ㅜ ‘oo’ as in ‘zoo’, ‘too’. You should make your lips as a round shape. 
[Click here to watch a video for ㅜ]

5) ㅡ There is no pronunciation in English that is similar to this, however you can think of an extremely freezing day, you can make this sound 🙂
[Click here to watch a video for ㅡ]

6) ㅣ’e’ as in ‘me’, ‘see’
[Click here to watch a video for ㅣ]

7-8) ㅔ/ㅐ ‘에’ is similar to ‘e’ as in ‘set, bed’ and ‘애’ is similar to ‘a’ as in ‘dad’, ‘bat’. But many Koreans don’t recognize the difference.
[Click here to watch a video for ㅔ and ㅐ]

 

Hangeul 8 – Final consonants

Hangeul 8-  7 Final consonants

In Korean

1) ㄴ ‘n’

2) ㅁ ‘m’

3) ㅇ ‘ng’

4) ㄹ ‘l’

5) ㄱ(ㄲ,ㅋ) ‘k’

: ㄱ, ㄲ, ㅋ are the same sound(ㄱ) when they are locate in an ending consonant.    e.g) 억 = 엌

6) ㅂ(ㅍ) ‘p’

: ㅂandㅍ are the same sound(ㅂ) when they are locate in an ending consonant.   e.g) 입 = 잎

7) ㄷ(ㅌ,ㅅ,ㅆ,ㅈ,ㅊ,ㅎ) ‘t’

:  ㄷ,ㅌ,ㅅ,ㅆ,ㅈ,ㅊ,ㅎ are the same sound(ㄷ) when they are locate in an ending consonant.    e.g) 읻 = 잍 = 잇 = 있 = 잊 = 잋 = 잏

If you have any question, please leave a reply.

[Grammar] Sino Korean numbers

Sino Korean numbers-01

1) How to read

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

십일

십이

십삼

십사

십오

십육

십칠

십팔

십구

이십

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

1,000

10,000

삼십

사십

오십

육십

칠십

팔십

구십

100,000

1,000,000

10,000,000

100,000,000

0

십만

백만

천만

공/영

You can listen to pronunciation through the link below.

http://quizlet.com/37586079/chapter6-flash-cards/

일, 이, 삼, 사, 오, 육, 칠, 팔, 구, 십 (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10)

2) How to use

  • Phone numbers  e.g) 010 – 759-9845 (공일공-칠오구-구팔사오)
  • Price          e.g) 250 원(이백오십원)
  • Date           e.g) 3월 1일 (삼월 일일)
  • Time for minutes and seconds    e.g) 39분 26초 (삼십구분 이십육초)