How to read phone numbers?

To read phone numbers, we need to know Sino Korean numbers, which is 일, 이, 삼, 사, 오, 육, 칠, 팔, 구, 십… (Click here to learn Sino Korean numbers), but we need one more number which is 0. 0 in Korean is either 공 or 영. We use 공 for more than 영 because 공 is easy to pronounce.

Then how to ask someone’s phone number?

전화 번호가 몇 번이에요?  What is your phone number?  
핸드폰 번호가 몇 번이에요? What is your cell phone number? 

Phone number in Korean is 전화 번호 and Cell phone number in Korean is 핸드폰 번호(or 휴대전화 번호). I know! 핸드폰 is literally 핸드(Hand) + 폰(phone), it is Konglish. 🙂 It is funny, right?

Korean cell phone numbers mostly start with 010, let’s read them together.

010-4435-0976      공일공, 사사삼오, 공구칠육.

We read ‘-‘ as 에, so you can read it 공일공에 사사삼오에 공구칠육. When you answer for someone’s question, you have to say it as a full sentence. For example, 010-4435-0976이에요. Adding ‘-이에요’ or ‘-예요’, it depends on a final consonant for the last number. I bet you already know this.

Now you can ask phone numbers in Korean!

 

Practice> 

010-2654-7896

018-3236-4568

010-3214-4785

010-7412-2580

010-6548-3571

010-4563-7524

02-996-7896

 

Phone numbers in Korea

  • 119 : emergency phone number
  • 82 is Korean country code.
  • 02 is Seoul code.
  • When you make a phone call from abroad, you will dial 82-10 instead of 010 for cell phones, or 82-2 instead of 02 if you dial to a Seoul phone number.

 

If you want to learn Native Korean Numbers, please click here.

 

 

[Grammar] Sino Korean numbers

Sino Korean numbers-01

1) How to read

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

십일

십이

십삼

십사

십오

십육

십칠

십팔

십구

이십

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

1,000

10,000

삼십

사십

오십

육십

칠십

팔십

구십

100,000

1,000,000

10,000,000

100,000,000

0

십만

백만

천만

공/영

You can listen to pronunciation through the link below.

http://quizlet.com/37586079/chapter6-flash-cards/

일, 이, 삼, 사, 오, 육, 칠, 팔, 구, 십 (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10)

2) How to use

  • Asking phone numbers  i.e) 010 – 759-9845예요. (공일공-칠오구-구팔사오예요.) (Click here to learn more)

 

[Grammar] Native Korean Numbers

Korean Numbers

In Korean, there are two sets of numbers; The Native Korean Number(NKN) system and The Sino Korean Number(SKN) system.

The Native Korean Number system : counting, time for hour, age etc.

The Sino – Korean Number system : phone numbers, price, date, time for minute and second, transportation such as bus, flight numbers etc.

We are going to learn Native Korean numbers and some counting words in this chapter.

Please look at the image below.

Image

20 : 스물

30 : 서른

40 : 마흔

50 : 쉰

60 : 예순

70 : 일흔

80 : 여든

90 : 아흔

100 : 백(Sino Korean Number)

0 : 공/영(Sino Korean Number)

You can also listen to the pronunciation through the link below.

http://quizlet.com/35960338/chapter5-vocabulary-flash-cards/

하나, 둘, 셋, 넷 (1,2,3,4)

다섯, 여섯, 일곱, 여덟(5,6,7,8)

아홉, 열(9,10)

When you count something or people, you should add the counting word such as 개(counting words for objects) after a number. For example, ‘five pen(펜)’ in Korean,

펜(pen) 다섯(five) 개(counting word for item)

In this case, the noun should be in the front of the number.

A Noun + native Korean number + the counting word

Let’s learn more counting words.

* Counting words

Image

As you can see, some numbers(1,2,3,4,20) change the form when it comes with the counting number.

하나 + 개 => 개, 열 개, 스물

+ 개 => 개, 열 개, 스물

+ 개 => 개, 열 개, 스물

+ 개 => 개, 열 개, 스물

스물 + 개 => 스무

Let’s practice with nouns.

1) two people(사람)

2) seven mangoes(망고)

3) five oranges(오렌지)

4) three bears(곰)

5) ten books(책)

6) twenty tickets(표)

The answers are 1) 사람 두 명, 2) 망고 일곱 개, 3) 오렌지 다섯 개, 4) 곰 세 마리, 5) 책 열 권, 6) 표 스무 장

Is it too difficult? Fortunately, The Native Korean Number system only covers 1-99. Above 100, we use The Sino-Korean Number system.

Then, how do we make a sentence? Do you remember ‘있어요/없어요’?

있어요 is “There is~” or “I have~”, 없어요 is “There is no~” or “I don’t have~”. You can review it in my previous post. https://funkorean4u.wordpress.com/2013/12/27/%ec%9e%88%ec%96%b4%ec%9a%94%ec%97%86%ec%96%b4%ec%9a%94/

Let’s make some sentences then.

1) There are two apples.

2) There are four bananas.

3) There is a book.

4) I have 9 Chinese friends.

5) There are five cats.

6) I have 8 tickets.

7) There are twenty pictures.

8) There are ten cups.

 

The answers are

1) 사과가 두 개 있어요.

2) 바나나가 네 개 있어요.

3) 책이 한 권 있어요.

4) 중국 친구가 아홉 명 있어요.

5) 고양이가 다섯 마리 있어요.

6) 표가 여덟 장 있어요.

7) 사진이 스무 장 있어요.

8) 컵이 열 개 있어요.

Do you master The Native Korean Number system? If you have any question, please leave your reply below.

아자아자!