[Reading] 신데렐라 Cinderella -2

그 때, 요정이 나타나서 신데렐라에게 예쁜 옷과 유리 구두를 선물로 주었어요. 그리고 말했어요. “12시까지 집에 돌아와야 해요. 12시가 지나면 옷과 구두가 사라질 거예요.”

신데렐라는 예쁜 옷을 입고 유리 구두를 신고 파티에 갔어요. 왕자님은 신데렐라를 보자마자 신데렐라를 좋아하게 되었어요. 하지만 12시가 되어서 신데렐라는 집으로 돌아가야 했어요. 신데렐라가 파티장에서 떠날 때 유리 구두 하나가 벗겨졌지만 시간이 없어서 주울 수 없었어요.

왕자님은 구두의 주인을 찾고 싶었어요. 그래서 마을 사람들 모두에게 구두의 주인과 결혼하고 싶다고 말했어요. 새어머니와 두 딸은 왕자님에게 그 구두가 자기의 것이라고 말했어요. 하지만 새어머니와 두 딸의 발은 너무 커서 구두가 맞지 않았어요. 마지막으로 신데렐라가 구두를 신었어요. 그 구두는 신데렐라의 발에 꼭 맞았어요. 왕자님은 신데렐라를 찾아서 아주 행복했어요.

왕자님과 신데렐라는 결혼해서 아주 아주 행복하게 살았어요.

Click here to listen to the audio file.

 

New words>
요정: elf, fairy

나타나다: to appear
-과: and (formal)
유리: glass
-을/를 선물로 주다: to give something as a gift
-아/어/해야 해요(돼요): to have to (learn more about this grammar, click here)
지나다: to pass
-(으)면: if
사라지다: to disappear
자마자: as soon as
verb+게 되다: to become verb
파티장: party hall
에서 떠나다: to leave somewhere
벗겨지다: to be taken off (shoes, clothes)
줍다  in 주울 수 없었어요: to pick somethig up (click here to learn more about ㅂirregular)
주인: owner
모두: everyone (this can be noun or adverb)
-다고 말하다: to say, tell (click here to learn more about indirect speech)
자기: oneself
-의: of (it means possesion)
것: thing
맞다: to fit, match
-지 않다: the long negation = 안 (click here to learn more about this grammar)
마지막으로: finally, at last
행복하+게: happily (click here to learn more about adjectvie+게)

 

Hangeul 1 – Single Vowels

Korean Characters

Hangeul 1- 8 Single Vowels 

There are 40 characters in Korean, which are 21 vowels and 19 consonants.  The vowels can be divided to the single vowels and the double vowels.  There are 8 single vowels and 13 double vowels.

We are going to learn the single vowels in this page.

* Single vowels
You should not move your mouth or tongue while you are pronouncing single vowels. 

1) ㅏ  ‘a’ as in ‘father’, ‘spa’
[Click here to watch a video for ㅏ]

2) ㅓ ‘awe’ as in ‘awesome’ and ‘au’ as in ‘August’
[Click here to watch a video for ㅓ]

3) ㅗ ‘o’ as in ‘ghost’, ‘sofa’, however you shouldn’t move your mouth shape.
[Click here to watch a video for ㅗ]

4) ㅜ ‘oo’ as in ‘zoo’, ‘too’. You should make your lips as a round shape. 
[Click here to watch a video for ㅜ]

5) ㅡ There is no pronunciation in English that is similar to this, however you can think of an extremely freezing day, you can make this sound 🙂
[Click here to watch a video for ㅡ]

6) ㅣ’e’ as in ‘me’, ‘see’
[Click here to watch a video for ㅣ]

7-8) ㅔ/ㅐ ‘에’ is similar to ‘e’ as in ‘set, bed’ and ‘애’ is similar to ‘a’ as in ‘dad’, ‘bat’. But many Koreans don’t recognize the difference.
[Click here to watch a video for ㅔ and ㅐ]

 

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[Grammar] Sino Korean numbers

Sino Korean numbers-01

1) How to read

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

십일

십이

십삼

십사

십오

십육

십칠

십팔

십구

이십

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

1,000

10,000

삼십

사십

오십

육십

칠십

팔십

구십

100,000

1,000,000

10,000,000

100,000,000

0

십만

백만

천만

공/영

You can listen to pronunciation through the link below.

http://quizlet.com/37586079/chapter6-flash-cards/

일, 이, 삼, 사, 오, 육, 칠, 팔, 구, 십 (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10)

2) How to use

  • Phone numbers  e.g) 010 – 759-9845 (공일공-칠오구-구팔사오)
  • Price          e.g) 250 원(이백오십원)
  • Date           e.g) 3월 1일 (삼월 일일)
  • Time for minutes and seconds    e.g) 39분 26초 (삼십구분 이십육초)

[Grammar] Native Korean Numbers

Korean Numbers

In Korean, there are two sets of numbers; The Native Korean Number(NKN) system and The Sino Korean Number(SKN) system.

The Native Korean Number system : counting, time for hour, age etc.

The Sino – Korean Number system : phone numbers, price, date, time for minute and second, transportation such as bus, flight numbers etc.

We are going to learn Native Korean numbers and some counting words in this chapter.

Please look at the image below.

Image

20 : 스물

30 : 서른

40 : 마흔

50 : 쉰

60 : 예순

70 : 일흔

80 : 여든

90 : 아흔

100 : 백(Sino Korean Number)

0 : 공/영(Sino Korean Number)

You can also listen to the pronunciation through the link below.

http://quizlet.com/35960338/chapter5-vocabulary-flash-cards/

하나, 둘, 셋, 넷 (1,2,3,4)

다섯, 여섯, 일곱, 여덟(5,6,7,8)

아홉, 열(9,10)

When you count something or people, you should add the counting word such as 개(counting words for objects) after a number. For example, ‘five pen(펜)’ in Korean,

펜(pen) 다섯(five) 개(counting word for item)

In this case, the noun should be in the front of the number.

A Noun + native Korean number + the counting word

Let’s learn more counting words.

* Counting words

Image

As you can see, some numbers(1,2,3,4,20) change the form when it comes with the counting number.

하나 + 개 => 개, 열 개, 스물

+ 개 => 개, 열 개, 스물

+ 개 => 개, 열 개, 스물

+ 개 => 개, 열 개, 스물

스물 + 개 => 스무

Let’s practice with nouns.

1) two people(사람)

2) seven mangoes(망고)

3) five oranges(오렌지)

4) three bears(곰)

5) ten books(책)

6) twenty tickets(표)

The answers are 1) 사람 두 명, 2) 망고 일곱 개, 3) 오렌지 다섯 개, 4) 곰 세 마리, 5) 책 열 권, 6) 표 스무 장

Is it too difficult? Fortunately, The Native Korean Number system only covers 1-99. Above 100, we use The Sino-Korean Number system.

Then, how do we make a sentence? Do you remember ‘있어요/없어요’?

있어요 is “There is~” or “I have~”, 없어요 is “There is no~” or “I don’t have~”. You can review it in my previous post. https://funkorean4u.wordpress.com/2013/12/27/%ec%9e%88%ec%96%b4%ec%9a%94%ec%97%86%ec%96%b4%ec%9a%94/

Let’s make some sentences then.

1) There are two apples.

2) There are four bananas.

3) There is a book.

4) I have 9 Chinese friends.

5) There are five cats.

6) I have 8 tickets.

7) There are twenty pictures.

8) There are ten cups.

 

The answers are

1) 사과가 두 개 있어요.

2) 바나나가 네 개 있어요.

3) 책이 한 권 있어요.

4) 중국 친구가 아홉 명 있어요.

5) 고양이가 다섯 마리 있어요.

6) 표가 여덟 장 있어요.

7) 사진이 스무 장 있어요.

8) 컵이 열 개 있어요.

Do you master The Native Korean Number system? If you have any question, please leave your reply below.

아자아자!